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Five thousand years ago, people were still roaming the earth as nomads. They carried along their few precious possessions in their hands and on their backs. They hunted and gathered food at random.

The Revolution of Symbols

The Revolution of SymbolsFive thousand years ago, people were still roaming the earth as nomads. They carried along their few precious possessions in their hands and on their backs. They hunted and gathered food at random.Then came the Agricultural Revolution: people settled down and got attached - physically, emotionally and legally - to specific plots of land. They grew their food in accordance with a pre-meditated plan. They domesticated animals. This new pattern of human existence led to enormous shifts in demographic patterns.It took yet another 4500 years before the dawn of the next Revolution: the Industrial one. Its main achievement was to separate the raw materials and the means of production from the land. It also created the need to have an educated workforce. This Revolution brought in its wake the formation of cities (which supplied workers to mega-factories), mass education systems and leisure.For the first time in history, people began to have free time on their hands.Numerous organizations, firms and institutions sprang up in an effort to satisfy the insatiable desire for entertainment and the necessity to cope with the ever growing complexity of social and economic institutions.Contrary to common opinion, the service oriented society was - and still is - an inseparable part of the industrial world.Today, we are in the eye of the biggest storm ever: the Third Wave (to borrow Alvin Toffler's excellent coinage). This is the Information and Knowledge Revolution. It is leading to an economy which will be based on the accumulation, the processing and the delivery of information (the equivalent of raw materials) and of knowledge (the equivalent of processed goods). All these will be made accessible to ever widening strata of society.This, indeed, is what separates this Revolution from its predecessors:(1) It is equitable - anyone and everyone can partake in it.To participate in the previous two Revolutions - large amounts of capital were needed. Where capital was amiss - raw force was used to obtain raw materials, capital goods, land and other means of production (including very cheap labour in the form of slavery).This Revolution is different: all that is needed is good ideas, some (ever lessening) technical background and ever cheaper infrastructure.So, this Revolution is open to young people in home garages (this is how computer giants such as Apple Computers and Microsoft were established).It is non-discriminating: age, gender, race, colour, nationality, sexual preferences - they all do not matter. This Revolution is the Great Equalizer.(2) This is the first time in human history that raw materials, production processes, finished products and marketing and distribution channels are one and the same. Let us examine the example of the sales of products (e.g., software) through the Internet:Software is written on computers using programming languages - a manipulation of electronic bits in a virtual environment. Thus, the product (=the software), the production processes (=the programming languages), the raw materials (mental algorithms translated to electronic bits) and the channels of marketing and distribution (the electronic bit streams of the Internet) - they are all made of the same elements and components.This is why the technology is so cheap. This is why the products of the forthcoming Revolution will be disseminated so easily. To manufacture and to distribute will become mundane - rather than arcane - operations.(3) Only some of our forefathers have been influenced by the Agricultural Revolution. Only some of them have been influenced by the Industrial Revolution. Gradually, the percentage of the population working the land decreased from well over 60% to less than 3% (in the USA, for instance). An equal drop can be discerned among the part of population engaged in industry.But this is not the case with the third Revolution:There is not a single human on earth who is not influenced by the third, biggest Revolution of all: the Information / Knowledge Revolution.All of us are exposed to radio, television, computers, cellular phones, the Internet. These products and services are becoming cheaper and more available and accessible by the month. The new Revolution is all- pervasive and all-encompassing.(4) All the above characteristics brought about a new form of economic development: non-centralised, high value added, fast progressing with quick business cycles. It is the first non-mercantilist, non-colonial phase in human history. All economic activity in the past was characterized by the importation of raw products at low prices from the very same markets that absorbed the final products (produced from those raw materials) at much higher prices.This form of exploitation will gradually become impossible. Today, it is no longer important where goods are produced. The demarcation lines between finished products and raw materials are so blurred (even where old-fashioned industrial products are concerned) - that the old distinctionbetween "colonizer" and "colony" has all but vanished.This holds a great promise for less-developed and developing countries.In the (near) past, they would have needed huge amounts of capital and other, non-monetary, resources to equate themselves with the more developed part of the World. Today, much less investment is needed to achieve the same results. The world is finally becoming what the sage of Western media, Marshall McLuhan called: "The Global Village". It matters less WHERE you are - it matters more WHAT you think. A global economic premium is placed on innovation, creativity, improvisation and the entrepreneurial spirit.These - the new mental commodities - are abundantly and equally available to all the countries in the world: poor and rich, off-center and on-center, developed, developing and less developed.The old economic conception of an evolution: from the agricultural to the industrial to the service economies is being replaced. The new breed of economic thinking encourages countries - such as Macedonia - to move directly from the Agricultural phase to the Third Wave: that of Information and Knowledge industries. Macedonia can better accommodate this type of industries: they are affordable, accessible, easy to understand and to implement, highly profitable, ever evolving and progressing.Macedonia will not be the first country to implement such a daring policy of leaping forward and skipping the Industrial stage - straight into the age of Information. Israel has done it before and so have Switzerland, Hong-Kong, Singapore and (to a certain and hesitant extent) India. All these countries were naturally under-privileged. Some of them are mere deserts, others isolated, barren islands or severely overpopulated. But they all managed to get heavily involved in the unfolding revolution. All of them (with the exception of India which is a new, half-hearted, entrant) possess the highest per capita GNP in the world.The gamble has paid off.But there is a fascinating side-benefit to such a choice.The shift from industry to the information technology and knowledge industries - is a shift from dealing with reality to dealing with symbols. The techniques used to manipulate symbols are the very same - no matter what the symbols are. If a country is successful at developing trained operators of symbols - they will know how to manipulate, operate and transform any kind of symbol.This is also true when it comes to the biggest symbol of all: to Money.Money - as we all know - is a symbol. It represents an agreement reached amongst members of a group of people. It has no intrinsic value. The same techniques which are used for the manipulation of information are easily applicable to the manipulation of the symbol called money.THE MORE ADEPT A COUNTRY IS AT PROCESSING SYMBOLS (=INFORMATION) - THE MORE ADEPT IT IS IN FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS OF ALL KINDS. It is more likely to attract investments, to develop flourishing stock exchanges and money markets, to train young professionals, to trade and in general: to get enmeshed in the very fabric of the modern international economy.

Take the Spotlight to Get the Best Retail Jobs

Take the Spotlight to Get the Best Retail Jobs

Although there is a high demand for employees throughout the retail industry, the best jobs go to those applicants who shine. Whether you are already doing retail work and want to take advantage of additional retail opportunities, searching for your first retail job, or transitioning from another field into a retail career, here are tips to ensure that you take center stage during your all-important interview. Spruce Up Your ResumeYour resume speaks volumes when it comes to first impressions. Make sure that, whenever possible, you quantify your accomplishments. Saying that you "doubled the average number of units per sale" is more impressive than saying you "contributed to an increase in sales." If you have retail experience, be specific about the types of companies for which you have worked and they type of work you have done. Simply listing your employers and job titles doesn't communicate your full range of skills or specialties. If you have retail experience, be sure to emphasize that in your resume. Know the Company and Its ProductsBefore you even apply for a job, you should gather information about the company and have knowledge of its products. You can gather this information on the Internet and by visiting a store location. Before your interview, conduct additional research. This will enable you to answer specific questions with authority and help put you at ease. If you are among the many who transition to jobs in retail from another industry, your knowledge of the company's products (even from the viewpoint of a consumer) can give you a competitive edge. Highlight Your Flexibility and CommitmentIf you can be flexible in the hours you work, be sure to mention it in your cover letter and during your interview. The nature of store jobs is such that employers have "retail opportunities" from early morning to late evening. For some types of "retail work" , retail opportunities exist literally 24 hours per day. Similarly, if you are able to work longer hours during the store's busy season, state that during your interview. Flexibility and commitment are especially powerful for those who are getting their first mall jobs or transitioning into retail. New to Retail? Highlight Strong Skill SetsJust because you're new to "retail job" s, there's no reason to be intimidated. The skills you develop at other jobs, through volunteer work, or in school are some of the same skills you will need for retail. While you're working on your resume, and definitely before your interview, think about the ways in which you've developed customer service skills, communication skills, teambuilding skills, organizational skills, or other talents required for the position to which you're applying. Find the Perfect FitWhether you're looking for part-time "store jobs" or a full-time "retail career" , it's important to find the right fit. Just because a job is available doesn't mean that it's the right job for you. There are online job sites that specialize in retail jobs, and that will provide you with a range of retail opportunities in your geographic area. These sites are a great place to find the job that is a perfect fit with your needs, interests, and skills.

300 Procter & Gamble Pharmacists will Lose Jobs

300 Procter & Gamble Pharmacists will Lose Jobs

February 21th, 2006by Elif Ozdemir Last Friday, Procter and Gamble Company announced that it will eliminate jobs amounting to three hundred from the multinational company's pharmaceutical units during this summer. However, Procter and Gamble did not identify which posts will be removed. The phase out of the posts and other connected activities will take place over numerous months and should be finished on June 30. Job cuts will probably cover researchers, scientists and other technical posts.Procter and Gamble's downsizing will take effect on their research center located in Mason City, Ohio. The Mason Center has 2,560 employees and is the headquarters of the Procter and Gamble's major businesses. Some employees working in their London, Toronto, and New York facilities will also be affected. Tom Millikin, Procter and Gamble's spokesperson, insisted that the job cuts is not because they were cutting their costs. He said that it was strategic move to keep their businesses flourishing. He said that the company chose to leave research on the early stages of pharmaceutical findings. Instead, Procter and Gamble will draw its attention on the quicker procedure of purchasing and licensing medicines from other companies. According to Millikin, Procter and Gamble want to help 4,400 companies involved in biotechnology worldwide that discover chemical compounds that show potential but does not have the ability to sell their products. Despite job losses, Procter and Gamble's move is said to benefit the domestic research companies that have develop drugs at later stages. Procter and Gamble will focus on developing drugs in these areas - products for women, medicines for muscular-skeletal problems, and gastro-intestinal medicine.Previously this month, Procter and Gamble signed a contract with a pharmaceutical company, Nastech to expand and sell Nastech's nasal spray, a cure for osteoporosis.The 300 scientific job losses will be severely affect the promotion and development of the city as a center for research on life sciences. Procter and Gamble is also said to be Cincinnati's biggest employer.The Procter and Gamble community is composed of 98,000 employees in 80 countries globally. It started out as a company that manufactures candles and soaps. Now it produces products bought by people in 140 nations. The products they are known for range from diapers, detergent soap, shampoo, potato chips to bar soaps.Last year, it has been reported that Procter and Gamble has been already planning a major reorganization that now resulted in thousands of layoffs and possible plant closures. Its stock rose 3 1/8 points after the plans for restructuring has appeared in a New York Times article.

The 7 Basic Rules Of Proper Presentation Design

The 7 Basic Rules Of Proper Presentation Design

Abstract: This article elucidates the rules of presentation visual design that, if heeded, will almost always assure that your audiences will be able to follow your ideas every step of the way. Of course, you must keep in mind that visual design is only one-third of the package required for a successful presentation, the other two being content and delivery. Like a fine dining experience that requires equal parts food, service and atmosphere to really work, the visual design part of the presentation process is every bit as necessary as the others to achieve the desired result in this case, true knowledge transfer. So without further ado: 7. Maintain paragraph integrity. First, all 1st Level Paragraph text must be the same size in every slide. Likewise, all 2nd Level Paragraph text must be smaller and of a different color. Lastly, dont go beyond the 3rd Level, and this text should not be smaller than 20 points. If all information of the same importance is of the same size throughout your presentation, your audience wont be raising question marks as to just how important this information is with each click of the slide. Take this concept one step further by ensuring that all material of the same nature is the same color. If, for instance, you use a lot of numbers in your bullet points, make them all one color, different from the text. Once your audience recognizes this pattern, theyll spend less time digging through the text to find their figures. 6. No boring fonts. Rarely is there a need to use more than two different fonts in any presentation. However, there is a HUGE need to use any two fonts other than the PowerPoint defaults Times New Roman and Arial! The problem is that because everybody else uses these two fonts 99% of the time, if yours is the fifth presentation your audience is seeing that day, pretty soon all the text starts to look the same, and you lose much of your meaning and impact. We often hear from clients who have to sit through presentations themselves that after a while, they cant remember which vendor said what it all becomes a big blur. Make sure youre not part of the blur. 5. Use proper builds. Without a sense of good design, which in most cases means simply showing restraint, animations can quickly overwhelm an otherwise well laid-out presentation. The trick then is to introduce concepts one at a time in a way that doesnt draw more attention than the concepts themselves. Builds are essential elements in turning slides that would otherwise have TMI into ones that audiences can follow; but like other elements of good design, a proper build should never announce itself. Rather, a well animated presentation should simply appear to happen, without a clue as to why it seems so easy to follow. 4. Be colorful - Light on dark. Watch much black-and-white television these days? Although black-and-white works as an art form in many ways, humans tend to like color. Even old-guard newspapers like the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal finally concluded that to avoid losing readers to more modern media, they had to go to color. While humans can discern a dozen or so shades of gray, they can see millions of different colors. Weve evolved to use our sense of color to survive help your audiences survive your presentation by not blinding them with black on white. 3. Less is More. This rule is central to good presentation design, but absolutely essential for graphs or charts. We often see pie charts come across our review desk with over a dozen slices, many so small they need to be annotated with lines and arrows far from the graph itself. Do you really think anyone will remember all 25 competing products in your market and their percentage share? Might be good information for a handout, but in a presentation few people can absorb more than six elements in any graph. You make your point much more effectively when you limit your displayed data to the stuff the audience is likely to remember. Less information becomes more retention of the stuff you really want them to go home with. 2. One concept per visual. Heres another really common problem we see in the majority of business presentations, and the solution flows from rule number 3. When more than one concept appear at the same time, your audience not only tries to figure out the concepts, they also try to determine which one deserves most of their attention, how the two or more are related, whether one is the right one or the good one, and so on and so forth all having nothing to do with your actual message itself. This extra time and effort acts as a drag on presentation flow, and explains why a 45-slide presentation, properly broken down into one concept per, takes less time to present than the same information packed into 15. 1. Favor Right-Brain information. We humans have evolved with two different ways to deal with stimuli from the outside world so that we can react to it in the way most likely to keep us alive. Our right brain reacts to input such as colors, graphics, shapes and patterns instantly, without stopping to process the information first. Our left brain kicks in when presented with speech, text or numbers; however with this kind of information we first pause to analyze it before storing or reacting to it. We have filters on the left side on the brain, and not everything gets through. If you want your ideas to strike fast and be readily absorbed, then every time you can, figure out how to turn your left-brain type data into shapely and colorful right-brain images.

High Income Business Opportunities

There are a lot of opportunities to make a lot of money working at home. In this article we will talk about a variety of specialized, little known online home business opportunities that can be found on the internet.One way to earn work at home is to visit an online job bank. In it, you will find assorted online work opportunities and it is up to you to pick the ones that suit you best.You may not know that you can earn money buy teaching online courses. This position would require that you have extensive knowledge in the field you wish to teach. Some of the most popular subjects include IT professionals, computer engineering and the teaching of programming languages. These are all high income business opportunities and excellent when it comes to "working at home" .Another highly sought after position is the medical writer. If you have a background in the medical field, you will have no problem finding a job writing about it. Almost every online job bank is filled with a plethora of such positions and all are available for those who wish to work from home.Writers who can write content for web sites are also in high demand. Most of these kinds of articles are written with specific keywords that must be used, in order to boost the sites visibility to search engines.Artists are also highly sought after for web sites and other things. If you have a talent for art, there is a good chance you can find yourself an online job using this talent. Web designers are also in demand and once again you can "work from home" .There are plenty of online home business opportunities on the internet. All you have to do is look. Having a specific skill is also a great help. Specialize in a field, and become the best that you can be in your chosen field.When choosing a job online, make sure that you choose one you will enjoy. Youll find that if youre enjoying your work, youll tend to be more successful in the long run.

How to Go From Take this Job and Shove It to Take this Job and Love It!

Copyright 2006 Mary FoleyThe sad fact is that most Americans hate their jobs. Its pure drudgery and theyre just in it for the paycheck. It doesnt have to be this way. You really can have a dream job, one that you really love and that pays you well.No, Im not in fairy tale land. For the 10 years I worked for AOL, I can honestly say there were few days I didnt want to go to work. The challenges of each position and the companys ups and downs were never easy, but I always believed my contribution meant something and I felt that I was being fairly compensated. When this was no longer the case, I found another way to grow my career.But, unfortunately, my experience is not common. After even a few years into your career, you might be frustrated by any number of things work thats not challenging, people who dont value your abilities, being paid less than youre worth, to name a few. You might even fantasize walking into your boss office and shouting Take this job and shove it!That might feel momentarily satisfying, but its never a lasting strategy to build your career. The more productive thing to do is to take this job and love it! No, not the job you currently have that leaves you frustrated. Im taking about a new job, a different job that is a great match for you, your abilities, and your desires.But, how do you go from shove to love in your career?Pounding the pavement searching for a more fulfilling career is one of the most stressful events in life. I read that its in the top three, right along with divorce and a death in the family. Having a road map can reduce your anxiety. Here are my six steps to get that dream job while youre fully conscious:1. Determine That You Need To Change JobsSometimes, its worth trying to work things out at your current job. Often, you need to move on. In either case, the big thing is that you need to understand why you are dissatisfied with your current so that you can take that into account when you are looking for a new one.2. Identify The Job You Really WantThe goal is to have a job where you are excited about getting up every morning and going to work. Allow yourself to dream what that "new job" might be and then explore what that job is like through online research and informational interviews with people who actually do that job now.3. Find The Company That Has The Job You WantStart looking in easy places, both on and offline. For example, check the want ads in the largest general newspaper in town plus the largest business newspaper in town. Go online and search job websites such as www.monster.com and www.careerbuilding.com. Dont forget any schools or related associations who also may have job postings. One huge way people find jobs thats often overlooked is networking. Get out and meet people and let them know youre seeking a new opportunity. Often youll get a recommendation of a company or someone to contact.4. Convince The Hiring Manager You Are The Person They Are Looking ForBe prepared for the interview. Learn all you can beforehand about the company and their current situation. Of all the questions you may get, the most critical answers are the ones where you tie your abilities and experience to the companys needs. Thats what makes you truly valuable.5. Negotiate A Fabulous Salary And Compensation PackageNever talk money and compensation until youve clearly discussed your value what you can do to meet the companys needs right now. Know what the job is worth ahead of time using websites like www.salary.com. Let the hiring manager put out the first number, but never accept it immediately. Often this is their lowest offer. You will often get more in salary or benefits if you ask, but only if they believe youre worth it.6. Start Off Your New Job With A BangYouve worked really hard to get to this point. Dont wait for your boss or your new co-workers to make you feel comfortable and to give you direction. Reach out to them first. Continue to demonstrate through your results and by creating positive relationships that they made the right choice.

Summary

Five thousand years ago, people were still roaming the earth as nomads. They carried along their few precious possessions in their hands and on their backs. They hunted and gathered food at random.